Industry View

From engine to the brakes, automobiles depend on metal castings. Properties required for each casting are different depending on the functional requirement - from resistance to wear and tear to high strength, pressure tight etc.

Automobile components include - engine blocks, piston rings, cylinder liners, manifolds, crank shafts, fly wheels, steering boxes, brake drums, clutch plates, rocker levers, cam shafts, cylinder heads.

Suitable pig iron grades for automobile castings -

FG-LOW PHOS TATA eFee® 102: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.00-2.50, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.10 Max.

SSG-TATA eFee® 202: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 1.60-2.25, Mn%: 0.20 Max, S%: 0.025 Max and P%: 0.08 Max.

SSG ULTRA LOW S, TATA eFee® 203: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 1.60-2.25, Mn%: 0.20 Max, S%: 0.015 Max and P%: 0.08 Max.

Metal castings form an integral part of the agriculture industry. Agricultural equipment are to be casted in a way that these enhance productivity and reduce drudgery. These equipment should be able to withstand extreme weather conditions, be affordable to the farmers and also profitable for the manufacturers.

Important components include - irrigation equipment, harvesting machines, fencing equipment, grain processing machines, diesel engines, water pumps, rice hullers, tea garden machineries and tractor parts (transmission housing, clutch housing, gear box housing, trumpet housing etc.).

Suitable pig iron grades for agriculture and tractor castings -

FG-1 TATA eFee® 101: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.00-2.25, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

FG-11 TATA eFee® 103: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.25-2.50, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

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Virtually nothing moves, turns, rolls, or flies without the benefit of cast metal products. The metal casting industry therefore plays a key role in the making of all major industrial and engineering goods.

Engineering and industrial castings include - valves for air and water, electrical motor bodies, heavy duty gears and gear cases, turbine cases, rolls for rolling mills, machine tools, compressor parts and doors & door hinges in coke oven batteries.

Suitable pig iron grades for engineering & industrial castings -

FG-1 TATA eFee® 101: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.00-2.25, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

FG-11 TATA eFee® 103: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.25-2.50, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

FG-HIGH Mn TATA eFee® 104: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.00-2.50, Mn%: 0.90-1.50, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

Metal castings are a significant part of the power generation sector. The specially designed castings used in power generation equipment ensure continuous supply of electricity to keep our daily lives running smoothly.

Power generation castings include - wind mill castings (main carrier housing, rotor hub, blade adaptor, axle pin), steam turbine and nuclear reactor parts.

Suitable pig iron grades for power generation castings -

FG-1 TATA eFee® 101: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.00-2.25, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

SSG TATA eFee® 202: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 1.60-2.25, Mn%: 0.20 Max, S%: 0.025 Max and P%: 0.08 Max.

SSG ULTRA LOW S, TATA eFee® 203: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 1.60-2.25, Mn%: 0.20 Max, S%: 0.015 Max and P%: 0.08 Max.

With an expected lifespan of over 100 years, ductile iron pipes are used widely for potable water transmission and distribution. DI Pipes and fittings find use in a variety of residential, public and industrial applications.

Ductile iron pipes and fittings include - double flanged pipes, socketed pipes, tail pieces, double socket bends, all socketed tees, double socket tapers, all flanged tees, double flanged bends and duck foot bends etc.

Suitable pig iron grades for ductile iron pipes and fitting castings -

SG TATA eFee® 201: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 1.60-2.50, Mn%: 0.30 Max, S%: 0.05 Max and P%: 0.08 Max.

SSG TATA eFee® 202: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 1.60-2.25, Mn%: 0.20 Max, S%: 0.025 Max and P%: 0.08 Max.

Castings play an integral role in improving sanitation of human communities. Castings are generally used in buildings for efficient collection and removal of waste.

Sanitary fittings include - manhole covers and frames, wash basins and sinks.

Architectural decorative castings include - railings, entrance gates, lamp posts, monuments and sitting benches.

Suitable pig iron grades for sanitary and decorative castings -

FG-1 TATA eFee® 101: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.00-2.25, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

FG-HIGH PHOS TATA eFee® 105: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.00-2.50, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20-0.50.

CG-TATA eFee® 302: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 1.75-1.99, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

CG-TATA eFee® 300: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 1.51-1.749, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

Rail locomotives - electrical & diesel coaches & wagons - are used for transportation of passengers and goods or materials.

Numerous castings are assembled / used in building the rails such as frames, housings, adaptors, inserts, signal posts, crossing stands, break shoes, gear cases, covers and generator pulleys.

Suitable pig iron grades for railways and other castings -

FG-1 TATA eFee® 101: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.00-2.25, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

FG-11 TATA eFee® 103: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.25-2.50, Mn%: 0.50-0.90, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

Cast iron is typically used to connect the steel stubs of anode hangers to the carbon anodes in Hall-Héroult cells. The steel stubs are positioned into specially designed holes in the carbon anode - the stub holes - where molten cast iron can be cast. The solidified cast iron in the stub hole plays the role of a mechanical, thermal and electrical connection.

Recycling cast iron collars also causes a change in the minor element analysis (Sulphur & Phosphorous) which will change the microstructure / electrical resistivity.

A cast iron with optimum fluidity with low level minor elements provides lower electrical resistance than one with buildup of MN, S.

Suitable pig iron grades for aluminium smelters -

CG-ULTRA HIGH SILICON TATA eFee® 304: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 3.00-3.50, Mn%: 0.50 Min, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.20 Max.

CG-ULTRA HIGH PHOS TATA eFee® 305: C%: 3.5 Min, Si%: 2.00-2.50, Mn%: 0.50 MAX, S%: 0.06 Max and P%: 0.40 Min.

Automobile Castings:
Agriculture and Tractor Castings:
Engineering & Industrial Castings:
Power Generation Castings:
Ductile Iron Pipes and Fittings:
Sanitary and Decorative Castings:
Railways and Other Castings:
Aluminium Smelters: